Experts list a host of different kinds of headache and migraine. Many people describe that their headache radiates to the neck or the occipital area in the back of the head. In these cases, muscular guidance of the upper cervical spine between the skull and the first cervical vertebra (the atlas) plays a critical role, as does the joint axis between the skull and the second cervical vertebra (the axis).
Muscle-related symmetry disturbances in these cervical joints, blockage of the joints and the resultant constriction and compression of the blood vessels together with a large set of irritated nerve branches can trigger headaches, singly or in combination. Pain in the temples, the vertex of the head or facial pain is frequently triggered by tension in the jaw muscles. At a secondary level, the nerve branches of the “stress director” nerve in the cranial region (the trigeminal nerve) may become irritated.
So muscular irritation can lead to nerve irritation, nerve pain, and neuralgia, and to narrowed blood vessels in the brain, causing migraine-like headaches. There is a significant correlation between forehead pain and muscular imbalances in the “portrait” muscles (the sternocleidomastoid muscles), and, similar to many other types of headache, to stressed eye muscles. To achieve a well-trained muscle system to overcome headaches, neuronal and joint regulation frequently must be combined with concomitant treatment and restoration of proper function of the pelvic muscles.
Dental specialists, general practitioners and neurologists can further extend this model in the differential diagnosis of headaches.